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Typical application
  • Surface reactions
  • Adsorption and desorption processes
  • Catalytic activity
  • Sensorics
  • Surface states of liquids
    (Langmuir- Blodget films)
  • Photovoltaic effects
  • Micro-topography
  • Surface charging
  • Charge transfer
  • Coverage
  • Surface dipole moments
  • High-Low pressure experiments
  • Temperature related effects
  • Phase Transitions

* References on Methods and Work Function of materials: Article by  Hölzl in Springer Tracts in Modern Physics 85 – 1979




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